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Department of  Dentistry

For every aspect of dental care, the Laksha Hospitals experts are equipped with the latest machines.

 

The team offers expertise in

 

Aesthetic Dentistry - Smile Correction, Whitening of teeth (Bleaching)

 

Oral Surgery - Surgical Correction of jaw deformities

 

Orthodontics for correction of malaligned teeth and jaws (enhancement of the facial profile)

 

Endodontics for root canal treatment

 

Oral Medicine for medical conditions affecting the teeth and mouth

 

Periodontics for treatment of gum diseases (scaling and root planning)

 

Prosthodontics for replacing missing teeth

 

Paedodontics - Dental care for children

 

Implant dentistry or fixing of artificial teeth

 

Cosmetic Dentistry

 

Dental department provide dentistry procedures that can drastically improve the appearance of your smile and ultimately improve your quality of life. If you have chipped, misaligned, crooked, discolored, or unsightly teeth, we are here to help! We offer several cosmetic dentistry procedures that will help you find the confidence of a beautiful smile, including:

 

Porcelain Veneers

Composite Fillings

Tooth Whitening (Bleaching)

Tooth Bonding

 

Restorative Dentistry

 

Dental Crowns

 

Dental crowns are prosthetic devices that fully cover or 'cap' damaged teeth. They not only strengthen a damaged tooth but can also improve its shape, appearance, and alignment. They can be made out of three different materials: gold, porcelain, or a mix of porcelain and metal. We advocate installing dental crowns for one of the following medical or aesthetic reasons:

 

To protect a weak or damaged tooth from fracturing or becoming more damaged with use

 

To replace a large filling when there isn't enough tooth remaining to work with

To attach a bridge

 

To cover a dental implant, a discolored tooth, or a tooth that has undergone a root canal

 

Restore your smile

 

Restore your ability to properly chew and speak

 

Maintain the shape of your face

 

Distribute the forces in your bite properly by replacing missing teeth

Prevent remaining teeth from drifting out of position

 

The process for installing dental crowns is the same regardless of the materials used. It entails cutting the natural tooth down slightly and then creating a custom-fit crown developed using a mold of your teeth. Once the prosthetic has been created, it is attached to your teeth with dental cement that is also custom-colored to match the appearance and sheen of your natural teeth.

 

Bridges

 

Dental bridges can be supported by either natural teeth or implants. When supported by natural teeth, it is made up of two crowns, one over the teeth on either side of the gap, and a false tooth (or several false teeth) in between. The two anchoring teeth are called abutment teeth and the false tooth is called a pontic. It can be made from gold, alloys, porcelain, or a combination of these materials.

 

Prosthodontics

 

It is estimated that over 50 million Indian are missing one or more of their teeth due to genetics, tooth decay, advanced periodontal disease or accidents. If you are one of these people, you may have difficulty chewing, speaking, or even smiling. A dental implant or restoration may be the best way to restore that functionality and smile again.

 

Implants can also improve your dental health in other ways by:

 

Filling the hole the tooth root occupied (this helps prevent bacteria and food particles from becoming trapped there)

 

Stimulating the bone and helping prevent bone loss

 

Preventing the necessity of having healthy teeth cut down for crowns or bridges

 

A dental implant is a titanium implant that mimics the tooth’s root. It is placed in the jawbone and behaves as if it were your normal tooth.

 

Dental implants are a much better treatment option than a dental bridge, and they cost much less in the long run. The implant does not rely on crowns being put on healthy adjacent teeth; nor is it limited by how long a span it can cover. Dental implants are the longest lasting dental restoration available today.

 

Endodontics

 

Root canals, also referred to as endodontic treatments, are needed when the soft tissue or dental pulp inside the canal of your tooth becomes infected or decayed. If left untreated, the infection will cause pain and inflammation eventually make the tooth so unstable that it will fall out. This is why our experienced cosmetic dentists continually educate our patients about the dangers of tooth infections and decay.

 

The basic root canal or endodontic therapy is done using the steps that follow:

 

The decayed dental pulp is removed

 

The canal inside the tooth is thoroughly cleaned to ensure that there are no more bacteria or decayed materials

 

The canal is filled with a composite resin or metal filling and resealed

 

If the tooth is still unstable or looks unsightly, a crown may be placed over it to further reinforce it and improve its appearance

 

The whole root canal procedure should only take one to two office visits, depending on the number of teeth affected and the severity of the infection and decay. You should also expect your mouth to be sore for a few days following the procedure.

 

Root Canal Treatment & Dental Infections

 

When the body experiences infection, it sends white blood cells to the area to kill the bacteria. This great number of white blood cells in one area causes the surrounding tissue to become red and swollen. If this infection happens inside a tooth, the swelling causes the tooth nerve to become compressed, as the canal cannot widen. The tooth nerve then dies from lack of blood circulation, and the infection continues. This infection (tooth abscess) spreads to the bone and tissue around the tooth.

 

When a tooth is infected, it requires endodontic treatment or root canal therapy. The dentist removes the tooth nerve and all decayed material completely, and replaces it with a sealing material. If the infection is not cleaned out from the tooth, it may spread and become a life threatening problem. After the nerve is removed, a dental crown is placed over the tooth to strengthen it. The tooth now will not feel any pain, without its nerve, and this does not matter because its job is to chew, and there are still nerves in the surrounding gum tissue.

 

Orthodontics

 

Orthodontics, the branch of dentistry concerned with the growth of the teeth, jaws and face, is in high demand. Orthodontic treatment is about making the best of your teeth; it's about improving the harmony of your mouth and jaws. Once you can bite together correctly, you can eat more comfortably and care for your teeth and gums more easily. And your smile will benefit immensely!

 

The Starting Point

 

Most courses of orthodontic treatment begin with a referral from a general dentist to a specialist. Depending on what treatment is needed, most patients are seen by a specialist in a local practice or by a consultant in hospital. Some patients are treated by dentists with extra training and experience to treat the milder cases.

 

These are some of the most common reasons for a referral:

 

Protruding upper front teeth - one of the most common dental problems

 

Crowding – a narrow jaw may mean there is not enough room for your teeth, resulting in crowding. Conversely, some patients have significant gaps between their teeth.

 

Asymmetry – particularly when the centre lines of the upper and lower front teeth do not match, perhaps because the teeth have drifted or the position of the jaw has shifted.

 

A deep bite – when your upper teeth cover the lower teeth too much

 

A reverse bite – when your upper teeth bite inside the lower teeth

 

An open bite – when your front teeth remain apart when your back teeth meet; the tongue is often still visible between the upper and lower front teeth.

 

Impacted teeth - in some patients, secondary teeth come through in the wrong position or do not erupt at all. Orthodontic treatment can help bring these teeth into the correct position.

 

Paediatric Dentistry

 

As toddlers advance into childhood, many parents need guidance to help their children develop good oral hygiene habits and get the nutrition they need. Oftentimes, parents also have questions about tooth development, sealants and fluoride, when to schedule dental visits, and when to consider braces. Our expert family and cosmetic dentists, address the answers to common questions like these below.

 

Baby teeth can come in as early as four months, with all 20 of the baby teeth appearing by age three. The order and timing of each tooth varies by individual. Permanent teeth begin appearing near age six and generally continue to come in until age 21.

 

When your child's teeth begin to appear, you can begin to gently brush them using a simple back and forth motion. In addition, you should avoid baby tooth decay by not putting your child to bed with a bottle of milk or juice. The prolonged exposure to the sugar can cause decay early on.

 

Peridontics

 

Gum disease is a very destructive disease that attacks not just the gums (the gingiva), but also the bone support around each tooth. Many people have straight teeth, no history of tooth decay, and yet still lose their teeth! This can be attributed to the aggressiveness of gingivitis, and is just one of the many reasons why visiting the dentist on a regular basis is so important.

 

The warning signs of gum disease

 

If you notice any of the following signs or symptoms you more than likely are experiencing gingivitis:

 

Gums that bleed when you brush or floss

 

Gums that are very sore or tender to brushing or flossing

 

Gums that have changed in shape or texture

 

Gums that release pus

 

Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth

 

Teeth that feel loose or have changed in the way that they fit together

 

 

Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

 

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is the surgical specialty that includes the diagnosis, surgical and related treatments of a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries, defects and aesthetic aspects of the mouth, teeth, jaws, face, head and neck. It is an internationally recognized surgical specialty.

 

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to treat and care for patients who experience such conditions as problem wisdom teeth, facial pain, and misaligned jaws. They treat accident victims suffering facial injuries, offer reconstructive and dental implant surgery, and care for patients with tumors, cysts, and developmental craniofacial abnormalities of the jaws/ face and functional and aesthetic conditions of the maxillofacial areas.

 

The scope of this specialty is extensive and concerns the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (face and neck) regions, including the following:

 

Oral and dentoalveolar surgery (removal of impacted and buried teeth, cysts, etc.).

 

Preprosthetic surgery (bone augmentation).

 

Dental implant surgery and associated bone grafting (to replace missing teeth or stabilize dentures; rehabilitation of patients having undergone surgery for tumors, to retain facial prostheses.

 

Orthognathic surgery (dentofacial deformities).

 

Facial trauma surgery (facial bone fractures and related soft tissue injuries).

 

Reconstructive surgery of the face.

 

Cleft lip and palate surgery.

 

Congenital craniofacial deformities.

 

Facial plastic surgery (rhinoplasty, rhytidectomy, blepharoplasty, facial implants, etc.).

 

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJD).

 

Snoring and sleep apnea correction surgery.

 

Tumor/Cancer surgery.