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STEM CELL THERAPY


Stem cells are biological cells found in all multicellular organisms, that can divide and differentiate into diverse specialized cell types and can self-renew to produce more stem cells. In mammals, there are two broad types of stem cells: Embryonic Stem Cells, which are isolated from the inner cell mass of blastocysts, and adult stem cells, which are found in various tissues. In adult organisms, Adult Stem Cells and progenitor cells act as a repair system for the body, replenishing adult tissues. In a developing embryo, stem cells can differentiate into all the specialized cells (these are called pluripotent cells), but also maintain the normal turnover of regenerative organs, such as blood, skin, or intestinal tissues.



FAQs about stem cell therapy


  1. What are stem cells?

  2. What is stem cell therapy?

  3. What are the conditions curable by stem cell therapy?

  4. How is the procedure done?

  5. Does stem cell therapy involve complications and side-effects?

  6. Why most clinicians don’t agree with the effectiveness of stem cell therapy?

  7. Why is it still not an approved therapy?



Answers

  1. Stem cells are biological cells found in all multicellular organisms, that can divide and differentiate into diverse specialized cell types and can self-renew to produce more stem cells. In mammals, there are two broad types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells, which are isolated from the inner cell mass of blastocysts, and adult stem cells, which are found in various tissues. In adult organisms, stem cells and progenitor cells act as a repair system for the body, replenishing adult tissues. In a developing embryo, stem cells can differentiate into all the specialized cells (these are called pluripotent cells), but also maintain the normal turnover of regenerative organs, such as blood, skin, or intestinal tissues.

  2. Due to their unique regenerative abilities, stem cells offer new potentials for treating diseases such as diabetes, and heart disease. However, much work remains to be done in the laboratory and the clinic to understand how to use these cells for cell-based therapies to treat disease, which is also referred to as regenerative or reparative medicine.

  3. Spinal cord injury

    Cerebral Palsy

    Autism

    Motor Neuron diseases

    Cerebral Palsy

    Optic nerve atrophy

    Retinitis Pigmentosa

    Macular degeneration

    Muscular dystrophy

    Diabetes

    Heart diseases

    Lung diseases

    Acute or Chronic Kidney Disease

    Acute or Chronic Liver Disease

    Parkinson's disease

    Alzheimer's disease

    Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Osteonecrosis or Avascular necrosis

    Sickle cell anemia

    Organ failure

  4. Stem cells present in the bone marrow. The bone marrow is aspirated from the iliac crest of the patient and concentrated in a centrifuge. The stem cell-rich bone marrow concentrate is then injected into the patient’s body according to the need of the patient.

  5. These stem cells are well tolerated, with no patient deaths, no toxicity or any adverse side effects reported, thus providing for large-scale clinical use.

  6. The efficiency of stem cells in curing most diseases has been experimentally proven. Whereas for some clinical conditions, they are still under research and experimental trials.

  7. Because the therapy is still under research. But very soon it is expected to become an approved therapy.

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